NO06G02500-knockout mutants of N.oceanica IMET1



NO06G02500-knockout mutants of N.oceanica IMET1


Nannochloropsis oceanica (N. oceanica IMET1)






Epigenetic marks on histones and DNA, such as DNA methylation at N6-adenine (6mA), play crucial roles in gene expression and genome maintenance, but their deposition and function in microalgae remain largely uncharacterized. Here, we report a genome-wide 6mA map for the model industrial oleaginous microalga Nannochloropsis oceanica produced by single-molecule real-time sequencing. Found in 0.1% of adenines, 6mA sites are mostly enriched at the AGGYV motif, more abundant in transposons and 3′ untranslated regions, and associated with active transcription. Moreover, 6mA gradually increases in abundance along the direction of gene transcription and shows special positional enrichment near splicing donor and transcription termination sites. Highly expressed genes tend to show greater 6mA abundance in the gene body than do poorly expressed genes, indicating a positive interaction between 6mA and general transcription factors. Furthermore, knockout of the putative 6mA methylase NO08G00280 by genome editing leads to changes in methylation patterns that are correlated with changes in the expression of molybdenum cofactor, sulfate transporter, glycosyl transferase, and lipase genes that underlie reductions in biomass and oil productivity. By contrast, knockout of the candidate demethylase NO06G02500 results in increased 6mA levels and reduced growth. Unraveling the epigenomic players and their roles in biomass productivity and lipid metabolism lays a foundation for epigenetic engineering of industrial microalgae.